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Epilepsy and seizures: treatment and management

The goal of achieving a seizure-free status in patients is accomplished in more than 60% of patients who require treatment with anticonvulsants. Many patients experience adverse effects from these drugs, however, and some patients have seizures that are refractory to medical therapy. (more…)

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Cladribine tablets significantly reduced brain atrophy in patients with multiple sclerosis

“Evidence shows that brain atrophy in general accumulates throughout the course of multiple sclerosis and is associated with disability progression. This analysis is important because it confirms the link between reduced brain atrophy and reduced disability progression found in the CLARITY study,” said Nicola De Stefano, lead author of the publication and Associate Professor of […]

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Sanofi launches new once-daily oral treatment for RRMS

The drug was launched by Sanofi at the recent Neurological Association of South Africa Congress. Speaking at the launch, Prof Heinz Wiendl, Head of the Department of Neurology at the University of Münster (Germany), said the drug has one of the longest clinical trial histories and has had robust and recurring results that confirm its […]

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New clinical diagnostic criteria for ‘shaking palsy’

According to the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society (MDS), full diagnostic certainties is impossible during life and between 75% and 95% of patients only have their diagnosis confirmed on autopsy. (more…)

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NICE publishes first cerebral palsy guideline

In most cases, brain injury occurs during pregnancy. Except in its mildest forms, CP can become evident in the first 12-18 months. Approximately 40% of people with CP present with spastic hemiplegia. (more…)

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Neuropathic pain and sleep disturbances

Neuropathic pain is common in the general population. Numerous conditions affect nerves and may present with neuropathic pain. (more…)

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New clinical diagnostic criteria for ‘shaking palsy’

Making an accurate clinical diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease (PD), the most common neurodegenerative cause of parkinsonism, remains challenging, particularly early in the course of the disease. PD was first described in 1817 by British apothecary, Dr James Parkinson, who called it ‘shaking palsy’.   (more…)

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NICE epilepsy guideline

According to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), it is difficult to determine the true prevalence of epilepsy because identifying people who may have epilepsy is challenging. However, the World Health Organization (WHO), estimates that approximately 50 million people worldwide have epilepsy and a further 100 million will have at least one […]

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NeuroAiD improves functional independence following stroke, CHIMES study

Stroke is the second-leading cause of death worldwide after ischaemic heart disease. In 2010, stroke was responsible for 5.9 million deaths or 1 in 10 deaths worldwide, and 33 million of stroke survivors. Only a limited number of treatment options have demonstrated improving functional outcome after stroke, including thrombolytic therapy, early use of aspirin, decompression […]

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Racing against the clock

Some of the leading neurologists and cardiologists from the Middle East and Africa attended the 2nd Boehringer Ingelheim (BI) Stroke Academy held recently in Dubai (United Arab Emirates). The aim of the Academy was to discuss the challenges faced by countries in these regions. One of the main challenges facing stroke care in Africa is […]

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Alzheimer’s Disease: A looming epidemic

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia in persons aged 60 years and older, representing 60% – 80% of cases. Studies show that 1% to 3% of people living in India and sub-Saharan Africa will develop AD. In a systemic review, researchers from the University of Los Angeles (US) predict that the number […]

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The many faces of stroke

Stroke affects women – young, old, thin, obese, Indian, African, Afrikaner… it knows no boundaries and stroke has many faces. Every 10 minutes in SA, a woman will suffer a stroke, according to the Heart and Stroke Foundation SA. (more…)

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Improving stroke care in SA

Despite the about 132 000 strokes a year occurring in South Africa, stroke care in the country is hopelessly and totally inadequate for current patient needs, said Prof Alan Bryer, Head of Neurology, University of Cape Town and President of the South African Stroke Society. (more…)

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